85 Years Of Simulated Weather To Aid Building Design
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85 Years Of Simulated Weather To Aid Building Design

posted in News by Skippy on 12:22 Sep 16th, 2015

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To help give building designers a clearer picture of long term weather in the UK, simulations have been created for the next 85 which engineers hope will give them an indication as to how extreme weather affects different building designs.

Scientists Create 85 Years Weather Model

The simulated models have been devised by scientists at the University of Bath and Exeter University, who created simulated weather conditions for each year up to 2100 by using a mix of previous climate data and a range of predictions for the future. The models include all of the variable weather we experience, including standard temperatures, heat waves and unusually cold spells.

Divided into hourly units for every area of the country, the detailed data will allow building planners to evaluate more than 1,200 building designs and how they cope with changing external temperatures and the effect of wind and sun for those living inside. This can then be used to learn about the demand and energy for heating and air conditioning.

In western civilisations we know the greatest contributors to weather-related deaths are short-term extreme temperature changes, including both increases and decreases, said Professor David Coley of the University of Bath, who is leading the project.

These temporary temperature variations account for more weather-related deaths than all other weather events combined including lighting strikes, rain, flooding, hurricanes and tornadoes. He added.

The study was funded by a 1m grant which was given out by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, who want more research into the UKs weather patterns after a series of major events in recent years including flooding and extreme cold.

David Coley also says: It is important that we recognise the role buildings play in responding to and dealing with extreme weather conditions - buildings can keep people alive during extreme weather events, but they can also kill.

The time series of example hourly weather we are devising in conjunction with testing these variations on different building designs will help us to better develop building designs that can safely and comfortably house occupants and avoid weather-related preventable deaths in the future.

Whilst many would not associate Britain as a particular hotspot for extreme weather, instances are increasing rapidly and events such as the heatwave which killed 70,000 people across Europe in 2003 has shown that the design of buildings can have just as much effect as the weather conditions themselves.

Another factor has been the UKs reliance on gas from Russia, which has created concerns over what could happen inside homes if our energy was ever disrupted in any way. A spokesman for the University of Bath added: It is widely accepted that climate change will have a significant impact on UK building design and energy use in the near and distant future.

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